Salaat, The Islamic Ritual Prayer

Before Salaat:

1. Body, clothes and place of prayer must be clean.
2. Perform wudu (ritual ablution) if needed.
3. Women are required to cover their hair.
4. Face the Qibla, the direction of Mecca.
5. Stand erect, head down, hands at sides, feet evenly spaced.
6. Recite Iqama (private call to prayer)
7. Express intent to perform Salaat (niyyat):
I intend to offer _____ rakats of the ____ prayer, and face the Qibla for the sake of Allah and Allah alone.

Begin Salaat

1. Niyyat: Stand with respect and attention; put the world behind you.
Bring hands to ears, palms forward, thumbs behind earlobes and say (The entire prayer must be recited in Arabic, but for your information we give the English translation next to the Arabic transliteration) :

Allahu Akbar ~ God is great.

2. Qiyam: Place right hand over left, men below navel, women at chest level; look at the ground in front of you and recite Opening Supplication (optional):

Subhaana ala humma wa bihamdika ~ Glory to You, O Allah, and Yours is the praise.

Wa tabaara kasmuka wa ta’aalaa jadduka ~ And blessed is Your Name, and exalted is Your Majesty.

Wa laa ilaaha ghairuk ~ And there is no deity to be worshipped but You.

3. Fatiha: Recite aloud the Fatiha, the first surah of the Qur’an.

A’uudhu billaahi minash shaitaan ar-Rajeem ~ I seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the accursed.

Bismillaah ar-Rahman ar-Raheem ~ In the name of God, the infinitely Compassionate and Merciful.

Al hamdu lillaahi rabbil ‘alameen ~ Praise be to God, Lord of all the worlds.

Ar-Rahman ar-Raheem ~ The Compassionate, the Merciful.

Maaliki yaumid Deen ~ Ruler on the Day of Reckoning.

Iyyaaka na’abudu wa iy yaaka nasta’een ~ You alone do we worship, and You alone do we ask for help.

Ihdinas siraatal mustaqeem ~ Guide us on the straight path,

Siraatal ladheena an ‘amta’ alaihim ~ the path of those who have received your grace; not the path of those who have brought down wrath, nor of

Ghairil maghduubi’ alaihim waladaaleen ~ those who wander astray.

Aameen ~ Amen.

For the first two rakats at any time of prayer, recite an additional short selection from the Qur’an after al Fatiha.

4. Ruk’u: Hands drop to sides; bend from waist, palms on knees, back parallel to ground; look at feet.

(While bending:) Allahu Akbar ~ God is great.

(While bent:) Subhanna rabbiyal ‘Azeem (3x) ~ Holy is my Lord, the Magnificent.

5. Qauma: Rise from bending to standing, arms at sides.

(While rising:) Sami’ allaahu liman hamidah ~ Allah listens to him who praises Him.

(Response from congregation:) Rabbanaa wa lakal hamd ~ Our Lord, to You is due all praise.

(Standing straight, pause:) Allahu Akbar ~ God is great.

6. Sudjood: Prostrate—hands on knees, lower slowly to kneeling position; touch forehead, nose and palms to ground (but not elbows); bend toes so tops of feet face the Qibla.

Subhaana rabbiyal ‘Alaa (3x) ~ Glory to my Lord, the Most High.

(Pause:) Allahu Akbar ~ God is great.

7. Qu’ud: Rise to sitting position, looking at lap. Men turn up heel of right foot, right toes bent; women keep both feet, soles up, under body.

(Pause:) Allahu Akbar ~ God is great.

8. Sudjood: Prostrate again.

Subhaana rabbiyal ‘Alaa (3x) ~ Glory to my Lord, the Most High.

(Pause:) Allahu Akbar ~ God is great.

9. Qu’ud: Rise to sitting position;

pause

10. To proceed to the second and fourth rakats:

(While rising:) Allahu Akbar ~ God is great.

11. To complete every second rakat and the last rakat:
Remain seated and recite At-Tashahhud

At Tahiyyaatu lilaahi was Salawaatu wat tayibaatu ~ All greetings, blessings and good acts are from You, my Lord.

As Salaamu ‘alaika ayyuhan nabiyyu wa rahmatul laahi wa barakaatuh ~ Greetings to you, O Prophet, and the mercy and blessings of Allah.

As Salaamu ‘alainaa wa ‘alaa ‘ebaadillaahis saaliheen, ~ Peace be unto us, and unto the righteous servants of Allah.

(Hands on knees, raise right forefinger:) Ash hadu allaa ilaah ilallaah ~ I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah.

Wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhuu wa rasuuluh ~ And I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.

To proceed to the third rakat:

(While rising:) Allahu Akbar ~ God is great.

At the end of any time of prayer (when all rakats have been completed):
Remain seated, recite At-Tashahhud, and then recite the Salawat:

A) At Tahiyyaatu lilaahi was Salawaatu wat tayibaatu ~ All greetings, blessings and good acts are from You, my Lord.

As Salaamu ‘alaika ayyuhan nabiyyu wa rahmatul laahi wa barakaatuh ~ Greetings to you, O Prophet, and the mercy and blessings of Allah.

As Salaamu ‘alainaa wa ‘alaa ‘ebaadillaahis saaliheen, ~ Peace be unto us, and unto the righteous servants of Allah.

(Hands on knees, raise right forefinger:) Ash hadu allaa ilaah ilallaah ~ I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah.

Wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhuu wa rasuuluh ~ And I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.

B) Allaahumma salli ‘alaa Muhammadin wa ‘alaa ali Muhammadin ~ O Allah, bless our Muhammad and the people of Muhammad;

Kamaa sallaita ‘alaa Ibraaheema wa ‘alaa ali Ibraaheema ~ As you have blessed Abraham and the people of Abraham.

Innaka hameedun Majeed ~ Surely you are the Praiseworthy, the Glorious.

Alaahumma baarik ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘alaa ali Muhammadin ~ O Allah, be gracious unto Muhammad and the people of Muhammad;

Kamaa baarakta ‘alaa Ibraaheema wa ‘alaa ali Ibraaheema ~ As you were gracious unto Abraham and the people of Abraham.

Innaka hameedun Majeed ~ Surely you are the Praiseworthy, the Glorious.

To Complete the Prayer: Look over right shoulder (toward the angel recording your good deeds), then the left (toward the angel recording your wrongful deeds); say each time:

As Salaamu ‘alaikum wa rahmatulaah ~ Peace and blessings of God be upon you.

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